Dr. Young-Ho Oh, an orthopedic surgeon at Harrington Physician Services in Southbridge gave us an overview of Osteoarthritis including statistics: 36-40 million Americans have joint inflammation as well as severe long-term pain and disability. Most of those suffering are in their 60’s to 70’s with more women than men. This number is expected to increase to 40 million people by 2020. The three primary causes of this pain are the result of aging, genetics, or the cartilage doesn’t regenerate. The secondary causes are injury, trauma, abnormal joints, gout, surgery, or diabetes. Unfortunately, there is no cure but there are treatment options including weight loss, exercise, anti-inflammatories, cortisone or gel shots and some vitamins and medical supplements. Surgery should only be considered after everything else fails. Opt for the surgery only when the benefits outweigh the risks. In most cases, there is a 90% satisfaction rate and maximum recovery usually takes a full year when recommended therapy and exercises are followed. Dr. Oh’s presentation gave us a much better understanding of pain.